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This guide provides instructions and information about Stanford Web Services Jumpstart platform, based on Drupal 7.

We've released our new Stanford Sites on Drupal 8 (D8) platform — the new framework for Stanford Sites in 2020 and beyond. Check out our new User Guide to help you set up your website on the D8 platform. 

Read more about our road to D8 

Glossary

404 Page 

The page that gets displayed when a user goes to a page or path that does not exist. "Page Not Found"

Accessibility

The inclusive practice of removing barriers that prevent interaction with, or access to websites, by people with disabilities. When sites are correctly designed, developed and edited, all users have equal access to information and functionality.

Admin Menu

The black menu bar at the top of your site after you log in, for performing actions on the site. You must have the administrator role on your site in order to see it.

Alternative Text (Alt Text)

Text associated with an image

Banner Image

A large image usually displayed at the top of the page, either in the body or in the header.

Block

Content grouped together that is confined to a designated space on the web page. They are able to be easily moved from region to region.

Bulk Operations (on our Manage Content pages) (VBO)

Allows an opreation (e.g. delete, unpublish, etc) to be executed on the selected rows.

Cache

A hardware or software component that stores data so that future requests for that data can be served faster; data stored in a cache is usually the result of an earlier computation, or a duplicate of data stored elsewhere.

Call to Action

An instruction to the audience to provoke an immediate response, such as emailing the team, visiting a store, or purchasing something.

CAP

Community Academic Profiles - https://profiles.stanford.edu/ . Stanford Staff, Faculty, Graduate Students, and Post-docs have a profile in the CAP system. CAP is the system of record for a person's academic information, such as publications, awards, committees, educational history, and more.

CAPx

A Drupal module that enables a Drupal site to pull information for people profiles from CAP.

Cards

A small rectangular block of content on a web page that often has an image, headline, main text, and possibly a call to action. Cards are often displayed in a tile-like layout on the webpage.

Carousel

An element on a webpage, usually towards the top of the page, used to display a set of photos. Unlike a gallery, a carousel displays one photo at a time and rotates to another photo periodically. Sometimes a caption or other content may be displayed alongside or on top of the carousel image. Carousels are typically not recommended to be used due to accessibility issues and because research has shown that audiences do not click on them.

Content Management System (CMS)

In the context of a website: a collection of tools designed to allow the creation, modification, organization, search, retrieval and removal of data, content, and information.

Content Type

A set of fields that are in relation to each other. The types of fields that are included are what makes each type different. For example, Jumpstart has a "Person" content type that has fields related to information about a person (e.g. name, email, photo, etc).

Courses Feed/ExploreCourses

An RSS feed (usually defined by a URL) that contains course information such as the title, instructor, schedule, and more. ExploreCourses is the Stanford tool for searching for courses and provides the feed of courses that can be imported and synced with your Jumpstart site.

Customize Design

A feature built in Jumpstart to allow users to dynamically change the look and feel of their site via pre-defined configurations, without having to learn how to builld a theme or code HTML/CSS.

Descriptor

A class that allows the user to highlight information about an item such as news item, event, or person.  This descriptive text displays on its own line, and is typically a date, time, location, or a person’s title.

Drupal

A Content Management System (CMS)/web development platform which enables you to store content that can be displayed on a webpage.

Events Feed

Similar to Courses Feed. An RSS feed (usually defined by a URL) that contains event information such as the name, date, time, location, description, and more. Events.stanford.edu can be used to generate a feed of events that can be imported and synced with your Jumpstart site.

Floating an Image

A tool that allows the image to move left or right in order to wrap text around it.

Footer

A region at the bottom of each page, and is typically the same for all pages throughout the site.

Gallery

A Jumpstart feature that supports a collection of images, and displays thumbnails of the images in a grid on a page. Audiences can click on a thumbnail to see a larger version of the image.

Home Page

The main page of a website that audiences land on when they navigate to the site's root URL, usually a vanity (e.g. engineering.stanford.edu ).

Image Styles

Image styles determine how an image is displayed and can be used for resizing or cropping images. See https://sites-jumpstart.stanford.edu/user-guide/multimedia/image-styles for common image style sizes.

Intranet

A private network within an organization. See: https://swsblog.stanford.edu/blog/so-you-need-intranet

Jumpstart

A series of products built by Stanford Web Services that delivers a preconfigured Drupal site upon deployment. A Jumpstart site includes many extra Drupal modules that are added on top of the core Drupal modules, including several custom features built by SWS, the Stanford Framework and Open Framework themes, custom permissions and roles, pre-defined homepage layouts/colors/fonts, and built-in accessibility tags and fields.

Jumpstart Academic (JSA)

The most fully featured Jumpstart product in the series, that includes everything a Jumpstart Plus site has, and also dynamic Publications, People, and Courses features.

Jumpstart Engineering (JSE)

A Jumpstart product based off of the Jumpstart Academic architecture that also includes extra School of Engineering specific functionality and branding. JSE is only available to the Stanford School of Engineering community.

Jumpstart Plus (JS+)

A more advanced form of a Jumpstart site that also includes everything a Jumpstart Simple site has, plus dynamic News and Events features.

Jumpstart Simple (JSV or JSS)

The most basic form of a Jumpstart site, that includes themes, a pre-determined site architecture with sample content and menus. No dynamic features (such as News, Events, etc) are included in the Simple version; only static content is supported out-of-the-box.

Landing Page

Usually an overview page for a specific section of a website that would be used as a jumping off point to other pages within the specific section. Jumpstart has a custom Landing Page content type that can be configured in different types of layouts, such as a list view or card view.

Launch

The process of making a site "live" to the public. Usually this involves making the site visible to search engines, submitting the sitemap to search engines, removing all placeholder content, ensuring that the site is compliant with accessibility, and enabling more caching on the site for faster loading.

Main Menu

The primary navigation menu for a site, usually displayed near the top of every page.

Manage Content

A custom feature within Jumpstart that allows users to view, sort, and filter all the content on their site, including People nodes, Event nodes, and more. It is also useful for performing bulk operations on multiple nodes.

Manage Display

Manage Display is enabled by the Display Suite module and allows users to define how an entity is displayed. This can include specifying what regions in which fields are displayed, the formatting of those fields, and any other styles.

Menu

In Drupal, the term refers both to the clickable navigational elements on a page such as the main menu and sidebar menu, and to Drupal’s internal system for handling requests. When a request is sent to Drupal, the menu system uses the provided URL to determine what functions to call.

Module

A block of code in Drupal which provides some functionality. They are either built into the core Drupal code or are contributed by members of Drupal open source community.Modules must be enabled and in some cases configured to work properly.

Node

A unit of content stored in Drupal’s database with a unique identifier A node may be a page, a blog post, a news article, etc. The page you are viewing now is a node.

Page

A generic term used to describe a web page (what you see when you navigate to a specific URL on a web site). Jumpstart also has a content type known as Stanford Page which includes content such as a featured image and a body field for a basic, static web page on a site.

Parent Link

Objects can have hierarchical relationships, such as menu items, taxonomy terms, paths, and more. A parent link usually refers to the menu item that a child is nested under. For example, if one were to have a menu that had a link to a People overview page, and then a link to a Faculty page nested underneath, the People overview page would be the parent.

Path

In Drupal terms, a unique, last part of the URL that is for a specific function or piece of content. For example, for a page whose full URL is "http://engineering.stanford.edu/research/overview", the path is "research/overview".

Permission

A setting that controls access to content and functionality within a Drupal site. For example, creating a Page is a permission that is only available to the Site Owner roles on Jumpstart sites.

Published/Unpublished

The state of a node that determines if it can be viewed by anonymous visitors to the website. To easily hide nodes from the public, make the node unpublished by unchecking the "Published" setting in the node edit form.

Regions

Sections of a Drupal web page, these sections allow you to place your content in a particular area of the page.

Revisions

Revisions can be enabled on a node or a page to allow for the tracking and moderation of content changes on a node or page.

Roles

The set of permissions given to a user that defines what they are and are not able to do on the site

Site Actions Menu

A Jumpstart-specific toolbar at the top of your Jumpstart site after you log in, for performing common actions on your site. You must have the Site Owner role on your site in order to see it.

Site Title Lockup

The Stanford-branded wordmark at the top of your site that includes the Stanford name, the name of the school (e.g. Engineering, Earth, etc. if applicable), and the title of your site.

Subsite

A Jumpstart module that allows users to create a site within a site by creating subsite nodes that have their own context and menu associated with them. Users can also select a new logo, title, and theme to go with the subsite nodes. However, there are no additional permission controls for a subsite, nor are there any default homepage layouts for a subsite.

Summary Text

A trimmed, formatted version of a text field or body content, usually the first paragraph or two of body content. Summary Text is also often used in Teasers in Views. See also: Teaser

Taxonomy

A label that is assigned to a node or content type. Taxonomies provide a way to group similar types of information, which can be leveraged to improve your site’s flow.

Theme-

A file or collection of files which together determine the look and feel of a site. A theme contains elements such as the header, icons, block layout, etc. and styling for those elements.

URL Redirects

When your old site is replaced by a new Jumpstart site, the paths to your pages may change from your old site to your new site. URL Redirects will map URLs from your old site to the new pages on your new site so as to avoid having broken links.

User

An account on the site that can be assigned to a role. The user may or may not be authenticated (e.g. anonymous user), and may be a local user (account only exists on the site) or a SUNet user (account is handled through a single sign on system).

UX

Short for "User Experience"; the goal of UX design in business is to improve customer satisfaction and loyalty through the utility and ease of use in the interaction with a product.

View

A view allows you to change the display of a page, especially if you're looking to display content dynamically (such as based on a set of filters). For example, you can use a view to display a paginated list of nodes of a certain taxonomy term.

Workgroup

A list of members in a group, identified by their SUNet IDs, and given a name that uniquely identifies it. A workgroup has two parts: a stem (before the colon) is the workgroup's owner, and the ID (after the colon) is the specific name of the group. For example, the workgroup "gsb:affiliates" has the stem "gsb" and the ID "affiliates". Workgroups are used in a variety of Stanford systems because they can be defined independently of any specific application. For example, a workgroup can be used to set the members of a mailing list, or the list of Site Owners on a Jumpstart site, or a group of people who are given permission to access a folder on Box, and so forth. See workgroup.stanford.edu for more details.

WYSIWYG/Rich Text Editor

Short for "What You See Is What You Get"; a visual HTML editor usually found in node edit forms that allows easier formatting of content without coding directly in HTML. The WYSIWYG editor may be set to strip out certain types of HTML tags, such as IFRAME or EMBED type tags. Because of that, an author may have to use the Full HTML mode in order to retain those elements in the display of a page.